Transmission:
The newest postings are at the top of each heading.
Building a new transmission line can be almost as hard as building a new nuclear plant in some instances.
There is a limit to the maximum size of AC grids and China has broken up its grid to smaller ones connected through DC lines.
It's good news Asian countries are working together to interconnect their grids to maximize non CO2 energy sources.
The German transmission limitations slow down wind development until more lines can be built.
Success of this program will be a real challenge for grid planners to keep the larger system running without blackouts.
Ah, the wish list, isn't going to happen though without full engineering planning and deliberate funding.
See my comments about the new DOE transmission line that injects 4000 MW of wind into the middle of Arkansas.

Electric Vehicles:
How electric and self driving vehicles will transform the grid.
Elon Musk fights back after being called a fraud by a coal industry executive.
Play the Tesla 3 talk to hear Elon's interesting comments about the climate and battery factory.
Microgrids can offer a quick charging station at home, see the last page of this presentation.

Microgrid News:
Microgrids offer many benefits listed on the last two pages of this presentation.
Power Engineering - Microgrids In The New Energy World.
Black and Veatch talks about the importance of microgrids.
The Virtual Power Plant is a Microgrid with storage that is on the big grid.
Tesla updates the powerwall.
Home microgrid software.
Vermont utility tests the Tesla home battery system.
Solar charging of EVs at home is the beginnings of a home microgrid system, which makes solar more manageable for the homeowner and the grid.
A summary of the variability of the grid and different power sources and how to manage this.
Microgrids mean freedom and choices for customers.
IEEE article on the rise of the personal power plant.

Conservation News:
Study finds that conservation and energy efficiency alone will not result in a sustainable future.
Will Austin Energy even allow me a choice in keeping my A/C on when I want it kept on?
This example shows energy efficiency improvements typically result in increased consumption if the energy costs are lower.
Moniz energy efficieny plan has a fatal flaw. The flaw is that we need to increase consumption when renewables produce too much power.
The Israelis have a new water production scheme that has eliminated water shortages in the region. We can do the same here.
Researchers find that investments in conservation are only returning half as much in savings and source.

Solar News:
Solar is claimed to be the lowest cost energy source, but there are missing components, such as storage.
Plug and Play Solar; utilities must now assume these are on their systems.
Check out the Let's Go Solar Brochure.
Solar in Texas on the rise should keep energy prices down in the summer.
The duck has finally landed in California.
Becky Quick interviews Duke CEO concerning nuclear and solar power.
A drop in UK solar subsidies results in a drop in solar installations.
Here is a good overview of light mirrored concentrating solar plants with salt thermal storage for operation into later hours after sundown.
Habit protection prevents the construction of transmission lines carrying solar power out of these regions.
Turning the co2 in air into methanol.
Army to build solar/wind combo energy project for Ft Hood.
Composite solar and hydrogen production could provide power 24/7.
Sunpower's control center is in Austin Texas, the solar plant has 100 MW per square mile.
CPS solar plant in Pecos County and other solar plants being planned in Texas.
Jim Hansen assesses world wide energy options for fossil fuel reductions as part of a trip he took to China over Christmas.
Largest solar farm in Texas is Alamo 1 near San Antonio.
Large solar farms in California are impacting the local ecologies negatively.
ERCOT predicts 13 GW solar in Texas by 2030.
Texas is forecast to install a lot of solar power.
Utilities and solar homes in Arizona are fighting over metering.
Problems with the Brightsource solar plant are identified.
MIT study says solar could produce a lot of power but lacks detail on expensive but necessary transmission and storage.
Tesla announces a solar battery and possibly stand alone system.
California solar could serve entire energy needs according to this article.
Then there is this article challenging the wisdom of rooftop solar investments.
Senate bill gives utilities more options on satisfying renewables investment requirements.
Some utilities are waging a campaign against rooftop solar.
Calculating the future of solar-fuel refineries.
How rooftop solar can stabilize the grid.
Australia's incentives led to a rapid development in solar power.

Wind Power News:
This would be a gigantic project, 100,000 MW of wind power, would require innovative transmission.
The US can handle more wind off the east coast but will environmentalists allow it to happen?
Half of the UK energy comes from wind and renewable energy sources.
These researchers have discovered that you MUST use natural gas to back up wind power. This is not good.
Wind energy reduces CO2 emissions in this study that uses real historical wind data.
Bird kills are not a good thing to discover about wind power, which is a continuing problem for some windy locations.
China's wind is more constrained causing the Chinese wind to generate less energy than in the US.
Germany slows wind growth to allow transmssion upgrades to keep up with new wind.
Renewable energy limitations in the UK.
The killing of eagles is legalized. How intelligent is that?
Wyoming wind power dropped in 2015 showing that winds can be fickle at times.
Here is a report on wind's impact on bird populations, something to keep in mind as wind farms increase in number.
Wind power is driving gas generators into the red. Will this results in shortages later?
North Carolina coastal residents want wind farms to be at least 8 miles off shore to get them out of sight.
The UK government has decided they don't want wind farms covering the countryside.
Jim Hansen assesses world wide energy options for fossil fuel reductions as part of a trip he took to China over Christmas.
"Transmission is the biggest long-term barrier for wind energy development."
They think 12 euro cents per kWh energy for off shore wind is cheap? This is crazy expensive energy.
The researchers siting wind forgot to mention if there is any transmission in the area to connect wind generation to.
The price of wind energy has dropped to 2.5 cents per kwh according to this report.
DOE report Enabling Wind Power Nationwide has no transmission plan or funding for it and that is the problem.
Low frequency sounds from wind generators can create sleep disorders.
Useful information about wind generators.
Bird nesting activities in great plains are reported to be interrupted by wind farms.
Mid America video constructing a wind generator on site.
New magnetic material can make wind generators and EVs cheaper.
This proposed legislation might be helpful in building new power lines for wind and solar plants.
US DOE issues vision report on wind development through 2050.
Latest US Offshore Wind Auction Draws Few Bidders.

Geothermal, Water, and Bio News:
15% of Norway's hydro power today comes from melting glaciers due to climate change.
Scientists are working on a new wave energy capture system.
Bio fuels are found to not be completely carbon neutral.
The facts about biomass, a world wide disaster in the making.
Scientists find a surprise in how Cyanothece creates hydrogen.
Here is a small wave generator test facility in Hawaii.
Eurpoean climate change policies are leading to more trees being cut down in the US.
Some bio fuels can increase CO2 emissions according to this report.
World bio energy web site says bio is vital to meeting climate change targets.
Biofuels are found to not reduce CO2 in a survey of past studies which identified flaws in those studies.
New report urges western governments to reconsider reliance on biofuels.

Energy Storage News:
Tesla's $169 Million Battery Play Is Just the Beginning.
Tesla is in competition with Aquion's sodium salt water battery at $250/kwh for utility scale battery storage.
Dendrites are the cause of failures and fires in lithium ion batteries.
Prof Mike Zimmerman at Tufts Univ has created new high capacity Li-ion battery without explosive-risks.
Prof John Goodenough at the University of Texas has a glass separator for Li-ion and Na-ion that also prevents dentrites.
Making sodium ion batteries that last longer.
Here is a low cost flow battery for large scale storing of energy.
Here is a low cost urea based battery for storing energy.
Here is a process for fabricating high performance Cu(OH)2 supercapacitor electrodes.
This isn't a free source of hydrogen gas that self generates at room temperature.
A new way to create hydrogen gas at lower temperatures and with less energy.
New plastic material for storing hydrogen gas might be a pathway to making hydrogen energy storage feasible.
The performance claim for this salt water battery are fantastic. Now we have to see if this is real or hype.
A new process for hydrogen from water might be helpful for creating a so called hydrogen battery for energy storage.
NRG to test new flow battery, we did not see its projected cost being mentioned.
FPL launches energy storage project as part of White House effort to promote renewable energy.
World's largest flow battery is being built in China.
This IEEE article paints a pessimistic outlook for the future of battery developments.
Germany says battery storage is too expensive for load shifting.
A special supercapacitor converts heat to electricity, patents are pending. Let's hope its low cost and high energy content.
A minuature fuel cell replaces the Li Ion battery in a drone providing an hour of flying time.
Cancellation of this SMUD storage project does not speak well for the realization of Mark Jacobson's WWS plan.
Reversible fuel cell being tested by the Navy.
Sodium salt water battery also desalinizes the water and here is the full paper.
New flow battery for grid operations drops the cost from about $400/kWh to $180/kWh, I'll use $200/kWh as my new benchmark.
Vermont utility tests the Tesla home battery system.
Redox batteries are needed for large scale grid long life application.
Graphene is likely to be important in the ultimate design of super capacitors which could have an infinite number of charges/discharges.
Oncor's microgrid project is an interesting engineering test. Oncor appears to be preparing for an unreliable ERCOT grid in the future.
This is exactly the type of battery technology that is needed at the grid level. Can it be made at a low enough up front cost?
There was an optimistic outlook for storage at the 2015 ENSA Conference for displacing gas peaking generation.
Battery discovery overturns a false belief that held for 80 years according to this article.
A new flow battery attempts to use lower cost materials to make these utility sized batteries lower cost.
Solar City installs batteries to smooth out solar power in Hawaii allowing more solar to be installed.
Elon Musk suggests 100 $/kWh for batteries which is $0.1/wh, just 25% of the cost of $0.4/wh I had been assuming previously.
Ideal Power 30 kW converter costs only 0.3 $/watt and can handle simultaneously solar panels, battery storage, peak load shaving, and operation off the grid if necessary.
New sodium air chemical reaction may be useful for creating a long term storage battery.
Tesla's new battery may not work all that well as stand alone with a solar panel. However, it should be more economic in Hawaii.
Jacobson and others say there is lot of hydro potential but the truth is dams are being retired; not being newly constructed.
The search is on for a material to replace lithium in batteries - with some success.
The future expansion of renewables depend on the development of new battery technologies.
Here is a new way using a magnetic field to add or remove heat from a material.
PNNL's high performance zinc-polyiodide flow battery is announced.
Tesla reveals its new battery factory is expected to make 50,000 MWh of batteries each year.
Flow batteries continue to make gains. These are ideal for utility applications and have long lives.
Zinc Iron flow battery company moves to Austin. Flow batteries for utilities is a great idea.
Carbon Iron may be used as a replacement for platimum in battery manufacture processes.
Dual Carbon battery holds great promise for an improved battery. This will help EVs achieve lower cost and improved range.
Here is a 1100 MW storage facility with 7 hours run time at rated capacity.

Coal CO2 & CCS News:
New high temperature supercritical plant in Texas hopes to demonstrate CO2 collection.
The Challenge of Cutting Coal Dependence, a historical perspective, a future challenge, NY Times August 31, 2016.
We may need this process to reduce the planet's CO2 level.
Is the Texas CCS project going to be cancelled?
Oklahoma Sooner coal plant is denied a scrubber. Utility says it may have to be converted to natural gas.
This is why coal generation needs to be replaced with nuclear.
A fatal flaw in reliance on CCS is that the CO2 gas is likely to find a way to escape.
Texas Electric News reports CCS is four times more expensive than earlier estimates.
Early on we engineers knew CCS was a bust. Now its becoming apparent CCS will never be mainstream.
CO2 reduction in US from 2007-2013 was caused by an economic slump and not a reduction in burning coal.
It appears that there is naturally occurring trapping of CO2 beneath the sea.
There is little faith in the EU and the US that CCS will be able to save the burning of fossil fuels.
Earthquakes are caused by pumping waste water from fracking into the ground rather than the fracking process itself.
Safe long term storage of CO2 CCS is a problem. Here is one study from the Univ of Texas.
EPA presentation on new carbon standards.
President Obama pulls the plug on the Future Gen 2 carbon capture project. There are good reasons this is a wise move.
Coal to gas project overcharges customers and the utility is ordered to refund the overcharges.
MIT study finds carbon sequestration may not be as effective as expected.
Southern Company coal to gas conversion projects.

Oil and Gas News:
Here is a novel way to extract H from natural gas but what do we do with the CO2?
A breakthrough discovery in chemistry shows an old theory has been proved to be wrong.
USGS finds huge oil and gas reserves right here in Texas; no shortages of these any time soon.
New oil and gas discoveries continue so there is not likely to be any shortages any time soon.
US Navy synthesizes fuel from seawater at a projected cost of 3 to 6 dollars per gallon.
When it becomes available, see page 10 for an important article on what happened at Aliso Canyon, California.
How microbes make natural gas biologically (mystery and process) has been settled.
Nuclear power in New England was completely replaced by an increased use of natural gas.
MISO says clean power plan costs mostly hinge on the price for natural gas, which are expected to rise, but when?
VTT next generation fuel cells are ready for low emission electricity production>.
A new way to store natural gas makes natural gas fueled cars more feasible for ordinary people.
A new low cost catalyst replaces platinum in direct conversion of hydrogen to electricity.
A proposal to create jet fuel from seawater on nuclear powered aircraft carriers.
Natural gas is not a clean energy hero new research reports in this article.
New manufacturing process for a ceramic membrane natural gas fuel cell is reported in this article.
Shallow oil and gas wells combined with fracking may threaten drinking water.
Big oil says breaking up with big oil will be really hard to do, and you know, they are right.
Cheap gas causes grid reliability problems in TVA due to MISO split system dispatches.
Bill Nye the science guy talks about energy from fossil fuels.

Nuclear Fission News:
Here is a medical report on the impact of radiation in Japan after Fukushima.
Here's a source of heat and electrical power for thousands of years.
Maine town once flush in cash is now in financial crisis after their local nuclear plant closed.
That Illinois has to protect nuclear plants from closure to protect jobs and taxes is just plain stupid because its easy to show that the plant closing is more expensive in the long run. This is the big failure of energy markets, that they cannot see into the future beyond their noses.
Clash of the Titans part 1.
Looks like the spent fuel facility in Texas idea is gaining ground.
Scientists find that nuclear power will be necessary to stave off human induced climate change.
Six communities around Diablo Canyon nuclear plant sue to keep the plant running.
Power Engineering magazine makes a case for nuclear power.
Michael Shellenberger TED talk on how fear of nuclear power is hurting the environment.
Terrestrial energy's new advanced nuclear plant design is well received by the NRC.
Technical paper on Transatomic Power's advanced molten salt reactor provides clean, safe, and low-cost nuclear energy.
A well written paper on the dangers of radiation.
Moniz says we need to be building nuclear plants, not retiring them if we want to deal with climate change.
Per Peterson's nuclear plant concepts and in particular the Mk1 PB-FHR design.
Major advances have been made for extracting uranium from sea water.
Becky Quick interviews Duke CEO concerning nuclear and solar power.
Researchers crack 50-year-old nuclear waste problem, make storage safer.
Why are new nuclear plants so expensive in the US?
The US Supreme Court stopping the CPP has hurt the development of nuclear power.
Green's identity crisis with nuclear power.
Here is a new paper with a new data set of historical nuclear costs from seven countries.
US Senate wants to address climate change by incresing nuclear power.
US invests in advanced nuclear reactor technology.
Jim Hansen assesses world wide energy options for fossil fuel reductions as part of a trip he took to China over Christmas.
Bill Gates talks about the need for an energy miracle. Here is a video on his traveling wave reactor.
US restarts PU 238 production for space missions. This is good news. I was wondering if we were going to shut down our deep space missions.
Rachel Cleetus, lead economist at the Union of Concerned Scientists suggests nuclear cost and construction schedule needs to be fixed, we agree.
Russia will build a 4800 MW nuclear plant in Egypt. The plant is financed through energy sales.
Obama administration announces actions to ensure nuclear energy development (This directive does not address the fundamental problems).
New fuel cladding gets around the zirconium water problem, however some new reactor designs avoid this problem altogether in a more elegant manner.
"Westinghouse Innovative Lead Cooled Fast Reactor Brings Bright Future for Nuclear Power."
...however you need to read pages 302 - 305 of the book Plentiful Energy to see this is really a bad idea.
Fukushima isn't going to cause cancer in the US, however emails by government officials discuss the exposure risks.
A local Texas news coverage of the Comanche Peak Nuclear Plant after 25 years of operation.
This issue of NPI talks about what is going on in China.
A proposal to create jet fuel from seawater on nuclear powered aircraft carriers.
Democrats not supporting nuclear power are severly hurting efforts to reduce CO2 emissions.
Shutting down San Ofofre was caused by non nuclear faulty equipment the builder and plant insurer Mitsubishi failed to honor.
China's aggressive nuclear plant building program and policies, note the closed fuel cycle policy.
Here are some things that need to happen to make new nuclear plants safer and cheaper.
New Russian reactor vessel has an expected life of 120 years.
Turn San Onofre nuclear plant into a desal plant? Regulators need to think outside the box.
Nuclear regulatory reform is recommended in this paper.
Fine tuning radiation exposure requires a recognition low dosages may not be as harmful, i.e not follow a linear response.
An improvement in nuclear safety calculations is claimed in this article.
Here is a video of nuclear fission options and the benefits of different alternative paths.
Here is a new fail safe reactor design that burns thorium in a molten salt.
US technology is going to be used to help China build a molten salt reactor.
Nuclear power and radiation levels in Kerala, a state on the South Western coast of India.
Here is an argument for nuclear power being necessary in our energy future.
Nuclear powered cars are BS as presented in this informative video.
Where is the most dangerous place on Earth for death from radioactivity? The answer is: The lungs of cigarette smokers!
The Integral Fast Reactor seems to have been one of the US government's best kept secrets. (ppt)
The Russians issue a report on their BN600 sodium cooled fast neutron breeder reactor.

Nuclear Fusion News:
S Koreans are making progress in fusion.
MIT reports progress on their fusion project.
Keep up with Tri Alpha tweets.
October 2015 Tri Alpha youtube promotional video.
August 2015 Tri Alpha update on their concept.
Germany fires up its stellarator fusion reactor experiment.
Here is a a small advancement in the ignition of nuclear fusion.
Proposal to use lasers to create muons and thus deuterium fusion and the source.
Scientists make breakthrough in understanding nuclear fusion.
Tokamak fusion modeling shows ITER may work better than expected allowing smaller reactors.
Univ of Washington prsents their concept of a fusion reactor.

Climate Change (i.e. Global Warming) Science News:
What Americans think about climate change in six maps.
Its not completely out of the question Trump's Tower will flood while he is president due to domino calving of ice across Greenland.
Greenland the runaway ice sheet.
Here is an excellent paper on the possibility of runaway calving in Greenland.
Scientists show heat is being concentrated at the poles due to circulation of equitorial heat transferred to the polar regions.
NASA releases their data for ice melting in the Arctic showing Donald Trump and Lamar Smith are wrong about climate change.
Climate models are doing better at predicting the warming at the poles in agreement with the historical evidence in Antarctica.
Exxon battles with the descendents of Standard Oil over what Exxon knew and knows about climate change.
Scientists find that nuclear power will be necessary to stave off human induced climate change.
India's temperatures hit death valley levels at times forcing its populations into the use of Air Conditioning.
Comet 56 million years ago may have caused rapid warming.
The rate of increase in CO2 is a hundred times faster today than at any time in Earth's history.
Michael Shellenberger TED talk on how fear of nuclear power is hurting the environment.
A Texas A&M study says our best plans are not enough to address global temperature rise targets.
This study suggests that the only way fossil fuels can be reduced is through a carbon tax.
See Ben Heard's excellent talk starting at 16 minutes in this video.
Jim Hansen assesses world wide options for fossil fuel reduction as an invited lecturer to China.
Mark Jacobson's reply to Hansen is more about US nuclear power policies than it is about physics.
Here are Mark Jacobson's papers. Mark has a valid point on nuclear development problems. But his concept has just as much delay in the building of new transmission lines as the building of new nuclear plants. This makes Mark's plan as slow to develop as a nuclear power plan. The US has no long range energy plan. Here are comments and more comments. My reply to Jacobson's Paper and this Nat Geo article.
I was asked about increasing CO2 and decreasing oxygen. Sure enough the oxygen in our atomsphere is also decreasing.
It was Jimmy Carter who plunged us into burning more coal as our nation's preferred future energy source.
A study of mass extinctions due to overheating of the planet in the past and the possibility of humans causing a new mass extinction.
This is an important commentary about an over dependence on renewables are creating hardships in solving the climate change problem.
How Can We Stem The Accelerating Loss Of Clean Power Generation?
The role of the southern Pacific ocean in forming and preventing Ice ages is better understood now.
Skepticism about climate change may be linked to concerns about economy despite education efforts.
Strengthening the scientific argument for human made climate change just causes the deniers to become even more entrenched.
Net zero CO2 is the goal but it's not at all clear when that can be achieved.
Legislators are wisely asking that the information oil companies have on climate change be disclosed to the public.
New NASA Web Portal Shines Beacon on Rising Seas.
This TED talk on climate change is worth listening to, even though its not possible to operate the grid yet with Al's vision.
Jim Hansen assesses world wide energy options for fossil fuel reductions as part of a trip he took to China over Christmas.
The rate of climate change proposed by different Democratic candidates.
Bravo Michael Specter for your article on the need to also include nuclear power to address climate change.
I was wondering about oxygen becoming depleted and now here is a report on that possibility.
Climate change is orrurring even faster than originally thought due to positive feedbacks.
As hurricane Joaquin is headed to New Jersy historical data shows flooding from hurricanes is becoming more common.
The first signs of Global Warming are probably in the 1940's according to this study.
Global cooling period after 1998 has been found to be due to common mode faulty temperature readings from bouys.
It may be worth your while to know about Dr Gavin Schmidt. Especially this graphic.
Ocean acidification can weaken algal skeletons impacting upon marine biodiversity say scientists in a new research paper.
Burning the remaining fossil fuels could lead to a 60 meter (~200 ft) ocean rise burying Australia and coastal cities under water.
Leading UK organizations issue joint statement that governments need to come together to solve the climate change problem now.
Jim Hansen's latest paper on the evidence for global warming, a clarification and the full paper.
Cyclone over Greenland in 2011, rainfall caused extensive ice uplift and melting.
NASA explains how oceans have been absorbing heat causing the cooling trend the past decade.
The oceans are in trouble and the increasing CO2 needs to be halted NOW to save the oceans and us for that matter.
Stanford Scientists say we are entering a sixth great mass extinction period. Killing nuclear power has resulted in a whole lot more coal burning.
New techniques improve the monitoring of atmospheric CO2 from space.
Here is a study that calculates the months needed for GHG heating to be as high as the original heat from burning a fossil fuel source.
Although Texas is 12 degrees cooler than normal, Alaska is 12 degrees warmer than normal for May.
NOVA PBS show on Lethal Seas. If you think we have decades to get off fossil fuels you're wrong. We must phase out fossil fuels world wide NOW!
Phasing out nuclear power in Sweden will cause an increase in CO2 emissions, an example of nuclear fear being greater than climate change fear.
If we dig out all our fossil fuels we can expect a 16F rise.
The US governments web page on climate change (global warming).
Addressing the world's needs is going to require new scientific thinking and done so quickly.
Direct measurements of CO2 emissions from fracking gas burnoffs in Oklahoma verify models predicting effects of CO2.
NYC had climate change studies predicting the future.
NASA says mega droughts are possible in the later part of this century.
Brazil's CO2 emission reduction program has backfired making CO2 emissions worse.
Nasa.gov says 2014 Was the Warmest Year in the Modern Record.
NASA and NOAA find 2014 was the warmest year in modern record.
Climate Mission Impossible: Scientists Say Fossil Fuels Must Go Untapped.
Renewable energy simply won't work Google renewables engineers state.

Before 2014 Articles on Energy and CO2.
Recent 2014 Articles on Energy and CO2.